A script to change all tables and fields to the utf-8-bin collation in MYSQL

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A script to change all tables and fields to the utf-8-bin collation in MYSQL

(This article is from http://stackoverflow.com/questions/105572/a-script-to-change-all-tables-and-fields-to-the-utf-8-bin-collation-in-mysql)

 

<?php
set_time_limit(0);
function MysqlError()
{
if (mysql_errno())
{
echo "<b>Mysql Error: " . mysql_error() . "</b>\n";
}
}
$username = "root";
$password = "";
$db = "database";
$host = "localhost";
$target_charset = "utf8";
$target_collate = "utf8_general_ci";
echo "<pre>";
$conn = mysql_connect($host, $username, $password);
mysql_select_db($db, $conn);
$tabs = array();
$res = mysql_query("SHOW TABLES");
MysqlError();
while (($row = mysql_fetch_row($res)) != null)
{
$tabs[] = $row[0];
}
// now, fix tables
foreach ($tabs as $tab)
{
$res = mysql_query("show index from {$tab}");
MysqlError();
$indicies = array();
while (($row = mysql_fetch_array($res)) != null)
{
if ($row[2] != "PRIMARY")
{
$indicies[] = array("name" => $row[2], "unique" => !($row[1] == "1"), "col" => $row[4]);
mysql_query("ALTER TABLE {$tab} DROP INDEX {$row[2]}");
MysqlError();
echo "Dropped index {$row[2]}. Unique: {$row[1]}\n";
}
}
$res = mysql_query("DESCRIBE {$tab}");
MysqlError();
while (($row = mysql_fetch_array($res)) != null)
{
$name = $row[0];
$type = $row[1];
$set = false;
if (preg_match("/^varchar\((\d+)\)$/i", $type, $mat))
{
$size = $mat[1];
mysql_query("ALTER TABLE {$tab} MODIFY {$name} VARBINARY({$size})");
MysqlError();
mysql_query("ALTER TABLE {$tab} MODIFY {$name} VARCHAR({$size}) CHARACTER SET {$target_charset}");
MysqlError();
$set = true;
echo "Altered field {$name} on {$tab} from type {$type}\n";
}
else if (!strcasecmp($type, "CHAR"))
{
mysql_query("ALTER TABLE {$tab} MODIFY {$name} BINARY(1)");
MysqlError();
mysql_query("ALTER TABLE {$tab} MODIFY {$name} VARCHAR(1) CHARACTER SET {$target_charset}");
MysqlError();
$set = true;
echo "Altered field {$name} on {$tab} from type {$type}\n";
}
else if (!strcasecmp($type, "TINYTEXT"))
{
mysql_query("ALTER TABLE {$tab} MODIFY {$name} TINYBLOB");
MysqlError();
mysql_query("ALTER TABLE {$tab} MODIFY {$name} TINYTEXT CHARACTER SET {$target_charset}");
MysqlError();
$set = true;
echo "Altered field {$name} on {$tab} from type {$type}\n";
}
else if (!strcasecmp($type, "MEDIUMTEXT"))
{
mysql_query("ALTER TABLE {$tab} MODIFY {$name} MEDIUMBLOB");
MysqlError();
mysql_query("ALTER TABLE {$tab} MODIFY {$name} MEDIUMTEXT CHARACTER SET {$target_charset}");
MysqlError();
$set = true;
echo "Altered field {$name} on {$tab} from type {$type}\n";
}
else if (!strcasecmp($type, "LONGTEXT"))
{
mysql_query("ALTER TABLE {$tab} MODIFY {$name} LONGBLOB");
MysqlError();
mysql_query("ALTER TABLE {$tab} MODIFY {$name} LONGTEXT CHARACTER SET {$target_charset}");
MysqlError();
$set = true;
echo "Altered field {$name} on {$tab} from type {$type}\n";
}
else if (!strcasecmp($type, "TEXT"))
{
mysql_query("ALTER TABLE {$tab} MODIFY {$name} BLOB");
MysqlError();
mysql_query("ALTER TABLE {$tab} MODIFY {$name} TEXT CHARACTER SET {$target_charset}");
MysqlError();
$set = true;
echo "Altered field {$name} on {$tab} from type {$type}\n";
}
if ($set)
mysql_query("ALTER TABLE {$tab} MODIFY {$name} COLLATE {$target_collate}");
}
// re-build indicies..
foreach ($indicies as $index)
{
if ($index["unique"])
{
mysql_query("CREATE UNIQUE INDEX {$index["name"]} ON {$tab} ({$index["col"]})");
MysqlError();
}
else
{
mysql_query("CREATE INDEX {$index["name"]} ON {$tab} ({$index["col"]})");
MysqlError();
}
echo "Created index {$index["name"]} on {$tab}. Unique: {$index["unique"]}\n";
}
// set default collate
mysql_query("ALTER TABLE {$tab}  DEFAULT CHARACTER SET {$target_charset} COLLATE {$target_collate}");
}
// set database charset
mysql_query("ALTER DATABASE {$db} DEFAULT CHARACTER SET {$target_charset} COLLATE {$target_collate}");
mysql_close($conn);
echo "</pre>";

 

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